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“All phases . . . and a little bit beyond.”

Who can quarrel with the concept of “truth in negotiation”? The principle that, in negotiating prices for contracts and changes, contractors should inform the Government of the data upon which their quotations are based — that they should not, in other words, mislead the Government or play games with the taxpayers’ dollars — is certainly commendable. Few would say that this is not a proper object for the Government to pursue or a reasonable standard to which contractors should adhere. But saying it is easier than doing it. And there’s the problem . . . and there’s the reason for this course.
The subject is not a new one. It’s been with us since 1962, when Public Law 87-653 was enacted. Because of its significance, it has been covered — from its inception — in other general procurement courses. But its presentation often led to frustration spawned by the many questions to which there were no definite answers. With the passage of years, however, have come a host of developments, a more complete definition of the defective pricing requirements, and — most importantly — an accumulation of experience in cost and pricing data problems.
Therefore, we can devote two full days to intense instruction on the subject. We can help you deal with those practical operating problems that sometimes are at odds with the principles of truth in negotiation. We can detail the full range of possible penalties that you may face should your prices be defective — and catalog the battery of defenses available to charges of defective pricing. Now, we can analyze some questions that are still unanswered — but analyze them in a more predictable way, based upon a respectable body of precedents. Now, in short, we can offer you our special course: Defective Pricing.
As developed by Federal Publications, the course is intended to serve all those, in both Government and industry, who have any connection with pricing matters. It takes you through all phases of the subject . . . and a little bit beyond, into areas of innovative theory and practice. For 11 classroom hours, you will be instructed — by a Course Faculty of distinction — in rules, interpretations, techniques, practical application...and probabilities. They will be 11 hours of work. But — as attested to by those who attended previous sessions — they will be 11 hours of reward.
Dates and Locations

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8:00 – 9:00 AM

9:00 – 12:00
1. A Panorama 
a. Background and History 
b. The Contractual Setting
c. Rationale 
2. Capsule of The Rules 
a. Truth in Negotiations Act 
b. False Claims Act 
c. Miscellaneous Fraud Statutes 
d. “Inspection” Clause Remedies 
e. Relationships and Overlaps 

3. Requirements of Public Law 87-653 
a. Applicability 
b. Certified Cost or Pricing Data 
c. “Price Reduction” Clause 
d. Exemptions and Exceptions 
e. Government Audit Rights

12:00 – 1:00 PM


1:00 –4:00 PM
4. Exemptions & Exceptions 
a. Adequate Price Competition 
b. Established Catalog or Market Price 
c. Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act Commercial Item Exemption 
d. Prices Set By Law or Regulation 
e. Secretarial Waiver 
f. The Dollar Floor 
g. Proving Exemptions 
h. Mandatory Vs. Discretionary Exemptions 
i. Partial Application of Exemptions 
j. Exemptions Improperly Granted 
k. Appealing Exemption Denials 
l. Non-Exempt Contract Terminations 
m. Cumulation of Changes

8:00 -9:00 AM

9:00 AM – 12:00 

5. Contractor Submission of Data 
a.     Defining “Cost or Pricing Data” 
b. Data Submission Requirements 
c. Refusal To Submit Data 
d. Type of Certification 
e. Absence of Certification
6. Government Disclosure of Cost-Facts 
a. Extent of Government Duty 
b. Possible Contractor Recourse 

12:00 – 1:00 PM

Lunch Break

1:00 – 4:00 PM
7. Government Audit Rights
a. The Contracting officer 
b. Defense Contract Audit Agency 
c. General Accounting office 
d. Proposed Regulation Changes 
8. Subcontractor Data
 a. Prime’s Submission of Subcontractor's Data 
b. Prime’s Liability for Subcontractor's Data 
c. Prime’s Audit of Subcontractor's Books 
d. Subcontractor's Liability To Prime and Government 
e. Mandatory Subcontract Clauses 
f. Suggested Subcontract Clauses 
9. Contractor’s Liability 
a. Basis For Government Recovery 
b. Calculation of Government Recovery 
c. Government Reliance On Defective Data 
d. Defective Data’s Effect On Price 
e. Setoffs 
f. Treatment of Contractor’s Legal Fees
g. Value Engineering vs. Defective Pricing

Kent R. Morrison is a Partner in the Washington, D.C. office of Crowell & Moring LLP. He has practiced in the government contracts field for more than 20 years and he chaired the firm’s Government Contracts Practice Group from 1988 to 2003. Mr. Morrison is a graduate of Rice University and the Yale Law School. He is one of the founding partners of Crowell & Moring and has served two terms on the Firm’s Management Board.

Mr. Morrison is an expert in counseling and disputes regarding the Truth in Negotiations Act, but his practice spans the government contracts field. He has helped prepare and has litigated construction and supply contract claims before the boards of contract appeals and in the United States Court of Federal Claims. He has represented contractors in contract negotiations, ADR proceedings, bid protests, and in responding to government audits and investigations. He is experienced in defending against False Claims Act and qui tam allegations.

 Mr. Morrison is a regular lecturer in the Government Contracts field, frequently for Federal Publications Seminars. He is the author or co-author, among other publications, of Compliance With the Truth In Negotiations Act, Federal Publications (1987-1989); “Truth In Negotiations III,” Briefing Papers, Federal Publications (No. 89- 11, October 1989) (updated in Briefing Papers 1990 Revision Note); Defective Pricing, Federal Publications Seminars LLC (1992 - 2006); and “Subcontractor Cost or Pricing Data: Riddles, Mysteries, Quandaries & Ghosts,” Government Contract Costs, Pricing & Accounting Reports, Federal Publications (Issue 93-12; December 1993).

 Mr. Morrison is a member of the Bars of Texas and the District of Columbia. He is admitted to practice before the United States Supreme Court, the United States Court of Federal Claims, and a number of federal circuit courts of appeal and district courts. He has served in leadership positions in various professional organizations, including as a member of the governing Council of the Public Contract Law Section of the American Bar Association and as Chair or Co-Chair of that Section’s Federal Claims and Remedies Committee, Emerging Issues Committee, Annual Programs Committee, and Federal Division. Mr. Morrison has also been a member of and frequent speaker for the National Contract Management Association, a member of NCMA’s National Board of Advisors, and a member of the Advisory Board for the Bureau of National Affairs’ Federal Contracts Report.

Mr. Morrison is named a top lawyer nationally in the Government Contracts field in Chambers USA.

David Z. Bodenhiemer is a Partner in the Washington, DC office of Crowell & Moring LLP where he specializes in Government Contracts and False Claims Act suits. He graduated with highest honors from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) and received his law degree and MBA from UNC.

Mr. Bodenheimer advises clients on defective pricing and False Claims Act matters and has substantial litigation experience with both, including the largest defective pricing claim litigated in the history of the Truth in Negotiations Act. He has often lectured on Government Contracts topics, including Federal Publications Inc. and American Bar Association seminars.

His publications include many focused upon defective pricing, cost, and False Claims Act issues:  Government’s Defective Pricing Claim in the Great Engine War Flames Out at the Federal Circuit, 48 THE GOVERNMENT CONTRACTOR 338 (Oct. 2006)  “False” or “Inaccurate” Estimates, BRIEFING PAPERS (Dec. 2005) The Strange Notion of Estimates as Fraud: Will Weather Predictions Be Next Under the False Claims Act?, 40 THE PROCUREMENT LAWYER 1 (Summer 2005)  Putting Teeth into the False Claims Act’s Pre-Complaint Disclosure Requirements for Relators, 37 THE PROCUREMENT LAWYER 4 (Summer 2002) Profits in Government Contracting: The Continuing Tug of War, GOVERNMENT CONTRACT AUDIT REPORT 12-16 (Nov. 2001) Damages Under the False Claims Act: Is the Sky the Limit? GOVERNMENT CONTRACT AUDIT REPORT 16-20 (Sept. 2000) The New Battleground: Defective Pricing Invades Competitive Procurements, GOVERNMENT CONTRACT AUDIT REPORT 16-20 (Dec. 1999/Jan. 2000)

 Mr. Bodenheimer is a member of the Bars of North Carolina and the District of Columbia. He is admitted to practice before the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, the Court of Federal Claims, and a number of federal district courts. He is a member of the American and District of Columbia Bar Associations. Prior to coming to Crowell & Moring LLP, Mr. Bodenheimer worked for the Navy’s Office of General Counsel where he served in a number of positions, including Assistant to the General Counsel. Copyright 2008 West Legalworks, a


Certificates of Completion are provided to all seminar participants who attend Federal Publications Seminars courses following the event, upon request.
All Federal Publications Seminars courses meet the course requirements of the National Contract Management Association’s certification programs. We are a proud Education Partner of the NCMA.
Federal Publications Seminars is part of West Professional Development, which is registered with the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) as a sponsor of continuing professional education on the National Registry of CPE Sponsors. State boards of accountancy have the final authority on the acceptance of individual courses for CPE credit. Complaints regarding registered sponsors may be submitted to the National Registry of CPE Sponsors through its website:
This Program is eligible for: 13.0 (CPE) hours of credit
Program Level: Intermediate
Program Prerequisite: None
Advance Preparation: None
Method: Group-Live
Defense Acquisition Workforce members must acquire 80 Continuous Learning Points (CLP) every two years from the date of entry into the acquisition workforce for as long as the member remains in an acquisition position per DoD Instruction 5000.66. We will provide you with documentation of points awarded for completing the event.
This Program is eligible for: 11.0 (CLP) hours of credit
States have widely varying regulations regarding MCLE credit. LegalEdcenter is an approved provider in AL, AK, AR, CA, GA, IL, ME, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA, VI, VT, WA, WI, and WV. Credit may be applied for in other jurisdictions on request and in accordance with state MCLE rules.
** Please note that because some states are changing their policy on CLE reporting, you will need to fill out the request for credit from Federal Publications Seminars within 10 business days, or we may not be able to issue credits for the program.
This Program is eligible for: 11.0 (60 minutes), 13.0 (50 minutes)
Basic or fundamental subject matter is covered. Courses are geared to general knowledge or can be taken as a refresher.
Specific topics or issues within a topic area are covered. Students should be familiar with terms of art and general concepts concerning the course topic.
Workshops and class discussions cover specific subject matter in-depth, and participation is strongly encouraged. Attendees should have at least 2-3 years' experience in the area of study.
Courses build upon students' knowledge and experience, and cover complex issues within the subject matter. Should have 4-5 years' mastery of subject for in-depth analysis.
Masters-level programs designed for professionals with 5+ years' experience. Courses cover in-depth and technical analysis on specific subjects and updates on current issues.
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